Edit this page



(What this ranking means?)


For those readers interested in pursuing further research or understanding, the links page offers access to deeper levels of content. The Moderator can also choose to list references which disagree with their MOLTR rank.



  • 2005. The 2005 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences press release. Oct. 3. Available at


  • ABC Science (Web site). 2003. The Helicobacter story. The Science Show. Broadcast 2/15/03. Transcript accessed 1/04 at:

  • Atwood, K.C. 2003. The ongoing problem with the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Skeptical Inquirer 27:23-29. (September/October). Available at: Accessed December 2003.

  • ---. 2004. Letter to the editor (response), "The politics (and bad science) of alternative medicine: Reaction." Skeptical Inquirer 28:60-61 (January/February).

  • Centers for Disease Control (Web site). 1997. Knowledge about causes of peptic ulcer disease-United States, March-April 1997. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 46(42);985-987 (October 24). Accessed 1/04 at:

  • Evans, D.J., Jr, D.G. Evans, D.Y. Graham, and P.D. Klein. 1989. A sensitive and specific serologic test for detection of Campylobacter pylori infection. Gastroenterology. 96(4):1004-8. (April).

  • Gough, K.R., K.D. Bardhan, J.P. Crowe, et al. 1984. Ranitidine and cimetidine in prevention of duodenal ulcer relapse. A double-blind, randomized, multicentre, comparative trial. Lancet 2(8404):659-62 (September 22).

  • Graham, D.Y., P.D. Klein, D.J. Evans, Jr, et al. 1987. Campylobacter pylori detected noninvasively by the 13C-urea breath test. Lancet. 1(8543):1174-7 (May 23).

  • Graham, D.Y., G.M. Lew, P.D. Klein, et al. 1992. Effect of treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection on the long-term recurrence of gastric or duodenal ulcer. A randomized, controlled study. Annals of Internal Medicine. 116;9:705-708 (May 1).

  • Hamilton, G. 2001. Dead man walking. New Scientist 2303:30-33 (August). Accessed 1/04 at:

  • H. Pylori Research Lab (Web site). 2004. Accessed 1/04 at:

  • Hornick, R.B. 1987. Peptic ulcer disease: A bacterial infection? (editorial). New England Journal of Medicine 18;316(25):1598-1600 (June).

  • Jones, Myra. 2004. Letter to the editor, "The politics (and bad science) of alternative medicine: Reaction." Skeptical Inquirer 28:60 (January/February).

  • Kaptchuk, T.J. 2003. Effect of interpretive bias on research evidence. British Medical Journal 326:1453-1455.

  • Koch, R. 1882. Die Aetiologie der tuberkulose. Berliner Klinischen Wochenschrift, no. 15: 221-230 (April 10). Translation from T. Brock (ed.). 1961. Milestones in Microbiology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 109-115.

  • Marshall, B. 2004. Homepage. Accessed 1/04 at:

  • Marshall, B.J., and J.R. Warren. 1984. Unidentified curved bacilli in the stomach of patients with gastritis and peptic ulceration. Lancet 1(8390):1311-5 (June 16).

  • Marshall, B.J., J.A. Armstrong, D.B. McGechie, and R.J. Glancy. 1985. Attempt to fulfill Koch's postulates for pyloric Campylobacter. Medical Journal of Australia. April 15; 142(8): 436-439.

  • Marshall, B.J., C.S. Goodwin, J.R.Warren, et al. 1988. Prospective double-blind trial of duodenal ulcer relapse after eradication of Campylobacter pylori. Lancet 2(8626-8627):1437-42 (December 24-31).

  • Marshall, B.J. 1991. In B.J. Marshall, R. W. McCallum, and R. L. Guerrant (eds.). Helicobacter pylori in peptic ulceration and gastritis. Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications. xi.

  • Marshall, B.J. 1995. Helicobacter pylori in peptic ulcer: Have Koch's postulates been fulfilled? Annals of Medicine 27(5): 564-568. (October).

  • McFarland, R.J., J.R. Bateson, R.B. Green, et al. 1990. Omeprazole provides quicker symptom relief and duodenal ulcer healing than ranitidine. Gastroenterology 98:278-283 (February).

  • National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference. 1994. Helicobacter pylori in peptic ulcer disease. Journal of the American Medical Association 272;1:65-69 (July 6).

  • Sachs G., D.L. Weeks, K. Melchers, D.R. Scott. 2003. The gastric biology of Helicobacter pylori. Annual Reviews of Physiology 65:349-69.

  • Spencer, B. 2002. The unbearable bunkness of stress. Caffeine and Migraine (Web site). Accessed 1/04 at:

  • Straus, E. 1996. Duodenal ulcer. In J.W. Hurst (ed.), Medicine for the Practicing Physician. Stamford, Connecticut: Appleton and Lange. 1583-1585.

  • Sweet, M. 1997. Smug as a bug. The Sydney Morning Herald. August 2.

  • Tytgat, G.N., and E.A. Rauws. 1987. Significance of Campylobacter pylori. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapy. 1 Supplement 1:527S-539S.

  • Warren, J.R., and B. Marshall. 1983. Unidentified curved bacilli on gastric epithelium in active chronic gastritis. Lancet 1(8336) (June 4):1273-1275.

Further Readings:

  • Christensen, D. 1999. Is your stomach bugging you? Science News 156(Oct. 9):234-235. Available at

  • Cohen, H. 2000. Peptic ulcer and Helicobacter pylori. Gastroenterology and Clinical North America 29(December):775-789. Abstract.

  • Lock, C. 2004. Finding a missing link: Scientists show a new connection between inflammation and cancer. Science News 166(Aug. 21):117. Available to subscribers at

  • Marshall, B.J., and J.R. Warren. 1984. Unidentified curved bacilli in the stomach of patients with gastritis and peptic ulceration. Lancet 1(June 16):1311-1315. Abstract.

  • Marshall, B.J., et al. 1985. Attempt to fulfill Koch's postulates for pyloric campylobacter. Medical Journal of Australia 142(April 15):436-439. Abstract.

  • Schubert, C. 2001. Enzyme defends germ against stomach acid. Science News 159(June 9):358. Available to subcribers at

  • Seppa, N. 2003. Ulcer clue? Molecule could be key to stomach ailment. Science News 163(March 8):148. Available to subscribers at

  • ______. 2002. Predisposed to trouble: Gene variants implicated in stomach cancer. Science News 162(Nov. 30):341. Available to subscribers at

  • Warren, J.R., and B.J. Marshall. 1983. Unidentified curved bacilli on gastric epithelium in active chronic gastritis. Lancet 1:1273-1275.

  • Weiss, P. 2000. Spectrum deftly takes visible light's pulse. Science News 157(June 3):359. Available at

  • For further information about the Nobel Foundation and the Nobel Prize, go to


Markus Arndt
Institut für Experimentalphysik
Universität Wien
A-1090 Wien

Martin J. Blaser
Department of Medicine
New York University
550 First Avenue
New York, NY 10016

Barry J. Marshall
Helicobacter pylori Research Laboratory
Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre
University of Western Australia
Nedland, Western Australia

Richard M. Peek Jr.
Vanderbilt University
Division of Gastroenterology
Medical Center North, C-2104
1161 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37232

J. Robin Warren
178 Lake Street
Perth, Western Australia

From Science News, Vol. 168, No. 15, Oct. 8, 2005, p. 229.


Copyright moreorlesstrue